An Introduction to the Birds of Tropical America


Most of the 40 different 'orders' in the classification system of birds are obvious even to the non-ornithologist. Hummingbirds, however, are in the order Apodiformes, which also includes the very different Swifts. Swifts will be described elsewhere.

Purple-throated Woodstar
Purple-throated Woodstar (Calliphlox mitchellii) Male
ProAves Tangaras Reserve, El Carmen de Atrato, Choco, Colombia
Woodstars are tiny hummingbirds who fly differently, and more slowly, than others.

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