An Introduction to the Birds of Tropical America

    Piciformes - Toucans    

Toucans are classified in the order Piciformes along with woodpeckers, jacamars and puffbirds. Toucans are colorful birds with large bills, and are primarily fruit eaters.


Black-billed Mountain Toucan
Black-billed Mountain Toucan (Andigena nigrirostris)
San Sebastian Reserve, Envigado, Antioquia, Colombia
Four species of Mountain Toucans are found in the Andean chain from Venezuela to Bolivia.

Lettered Aracari
Lettered Aracari (Pteroglossus inscriptus) Male
Villavicencio, Colombia
Aracari is a Brazilian (Portuguese) name for a family of smaller toucans with a red/yellow/black coloration.

Keel-billed Toucan
Keel-billed Toucan (Ramphastos sulfuratus)
Rancho Margot, Costa Rica
The Keel-billed Toucan is a medium-sized Toucan, and is one of the most colorful.

Yellow-throated Toucan
Yellow-throated Toucan (Ramphastos ambiguus)
Costa Rica
A large widespread Toucan.

White-throated Toucanet
White-throated Toucanet (Aulacorhynchus albivitta)
La Romera, Itagui, Antioquia, Colombia
Toucanets are the smallest toucans. The White-throated Toucanet is a form of the widespread Emerald Toucanet, and considered a distinct species by some.


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